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Fascist PigsTechnoscientific Organisms and the History of Fascism$
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Tiago Saraiva

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262035033

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262035033.001.0001

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Sheep: Fascist Settlers and the Colonization of Africa and Europe

Sheep: Fascist Settlers and the Colonization of Africa and Europe

Chapter:
(p.185) 6 Sheep: Fascist Settlers and the Colonization of Africa and Europe
Source:
Fascist Pigs
Author(s):

Tiago Saraiva

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262035033.003.0007

The sixth and final chapter is the most original in terms of methodology, for it takes a single technoscientific organism – Karakul sheep – and follows its role in the settlement of the frontier for the three fascist empires. The ability of Karakul to thrive under harsh environmental conditions and its high value in the fur market made it a perfect companion species for white settler’s imperial expansion. The Animal Breeding Institute at the University of Halle is taken as center of circulation, establishing standards and producing the rams to be used not only in white settlers farms in German possessions in Eastern Europe, but also in Italian settlement schemes in Libya and Ethiopia, and in Portuguese colonization of South-western Angola. The different local karakul sheep experiment stations located in frontier spaces are treated as experiments in colonial sociability, revealing the connections between sheep breeding and the genocides perpetrated by the three regimes.

Keywords:   Gustav Frölich, Model Organisms, Karakul Sheep, Ukraine, South West Angola, Libya, Artificial Insemination, Lebensraum, Genocide, Herero

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