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The Systemic ImageA New Theory of Interactive Real-Time Simulations$
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Inge Hinterwaldner

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780262035040

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262035040.001.0001

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Approaches to a Concept of Simulation

Approaches to a Concept of Simulation

(p.11) 1 Approaches to a Concept of Simulation
The Systemic Image

Inge Hinterwaldner

, Elizabeth Tucker
The MIT Press

It can be shown that the different conceptions of ‘simulation’ (the one of culture critique on the one hand and the denomination of technical applications on the other) that seem to be incompatible with each other can be reconciled on a single spectrum. Its basis in models, its replacement of reality, its lack of reference and of precession of the referent are some pejorative characteristics often emphasized in media philosophy with regard to simulations, for which the sciences applying computer simulations have no use for. It helps crossing over the views that first seem opposite to each other, but that turn out to be compatible if its root in reality is recognized and thus the representational logic is accepted at least according to the intention. The chapter combines ideas of the 'simulacrum' retrieved in the natural sciences with traces of cybernetic thinking in media studies. The whole study builds on a definition of computer simulation in the technical sense as the involvement with and the act of execution f a dynamic mathematic or procedural model that projects, depicts, or recreates a system or process.

Keywords:   Cybernetics, Simulacrum, Snow's Two Cultures, System, Jean Baudrillard, Science of Models

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