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Extraordinary Science and PsychiatryResponses to the Crisis in Mental Health Research$
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Jeffrey Poland and Serife Tekin

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780262035484

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262035484.001.0001

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The Promise of Computational Psychiatry

The Promise of Computational Psychiatry

Chapter:
(p.105) 6 The Promise of Computational Psychiatry
Source:
Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry
Author(s):

Jeffrey Poland

Michael Frank

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262035484.003.0006

This chapter begins with the assumptions of the present volume that a crisis exists in psychiatric research and that research concerning mental illness has entered a period of “extraordinary science.” After clarifying certain key features of both the crisis and extraordinary science, we examine the reasons for the crisis so as to identify some major challenges facing mental illness research during this period. We identify four broad classes of challenge: ideological, methodological, clinical, and transitional. We then articulate a version of the innovative research program of computational psychiatry that introduces novel representational and methodological resources and holds promise for meeting some of the various challenges. Finally, we demonstrate this promise using some concrete examples of research in this area concerning Parkinson’s Disease and Schizophrenia.

Keywords:   computational psychiatry, extraordinary science, crisis in psychiatry, Parkinson’s Disease, Schizophrenia, reinforcement learning, computational models

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