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Embodiment, Enaction, and CultureInvestigating the Constitution of the Shared World$
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Christoph Durt, Thomas Fuchs, and Christian Tewes

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780262035552

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262035552.001.0001

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Selfhood, Schizophrenia, and the Interpersonal Regulation of Experience

Selfhood, Schizophrenia, and the Interpersonal Regulation of Experience

Chapter:
(p.149) 7 Selfhood, Schizophrenia, and the Interpersonal Regulation of Experience
Source:
Embodiment, Enaction, and Culture
Author(s):

Matthew Ratcliffe

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262035552.003.0008

This paper addresses the view that schizophrenia involves disturbance of the minimal self, and that this distinguishes it from other psychiatric conditions. I challenge the distinction between a minimal and an interpersonally constituted sense of self, through a consideration of the relationship between psychosis and interpersonally induced trauma. First of all, I suggest that even minimal self-experience must include a pre-reflective sense of what kind of intentional state one is in. Then I address the extent to which human experience and thought are interpersonally regulated. I propose that traumatic events, in childhood and/or in adulthood, can erode a primitive form of “trust” in other people that the integrity of intentionality depends upon, thus disrupting the phenomenological boundaries between intentional state types. I conclude that a distinction between minimal and interpersonal self is untenable, and that schizophrenia should be thought of in relational terms rather than simply as a disorder of the individual.

Keywords:   Belief, Intentionality, interpersonal relations, minimal self, schizophrenia, trauma, trust

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