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Social EconomicsCurrent and Emerging Avenues$
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Joan Costa-Font and Mario Macis

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780262035651

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262035651.001.0001

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Cultural Determinants of Gender Roles: “Pragmatism” as an Underpinning Attitude toward Gender Equality among Children of Immigrants

Cultural Determinants of Gender Roles: “Pragmatism” as an Underpinning Attitude toward Gender Equality among Children of Immigrants

Chapter:
(p.197) 9 Cultural Determinants of Gender Roles: “Pragmatism” as an Underpinning Attitude toward Gender Equality among Children of Immigrants
Source:
Social Economics
Author(s):

Martin Ljunge

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262035651.003.0009

This chapter presents evidence of how attitudes toward gender roles in the home and market are shaped by Hofstede’s six cultural dimensions. Children of immigrants in a broad set of European countries with ancestry from across the world are studied. Individuals are examined within country of residence using variation in cultural dimensions across countries of ancestry. The approach focuses attention on how gender roles are shaped across generations within families. Both influences on the father’s and mother’s side are studied. Ancestry from more masculine cultures shape more traditional gender roles on both parents’ sides. On the father side more pragmatic cultures foster gender equality on the mother’s side power distance promote equality attitudes, although this influence differs markedly between daughters and sons. Pragmatism is in several circumstances the strongest influence on gender norms.

Keywords:   gender roles, intergenerational transmission, Hofstede cultural dimensions, gender, J16, D13, D83, Z13

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