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The Digital MindHow Science is Redefining Humanity$
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Arlindo Oliveira

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780262036030

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262036030.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 30 October 2020

The Quest for Intelligent Machines

The Quest for Intelligent Machines

Chapter:
(p.87) 5 The Quest for Intelligent Machines
Source:
The Digital Mind
Author(s):

Arlindo Oliveira

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262036030.003.0005

This chapter addresses the question of whether a computer can become intelligent and how to test for that possibility. It introduces the idea of the Turing test, a test developed to determine, in an unbiased way, whether a program running in a computer is, or is not, intelligent. The development of artificial intelligence led, in time, to many applications of computers that are not possible using “non-intelligent” programs. One important area in artificial intelligence is machine learning, the technology that makes possible that computers learn, from existing data, in ways similar to the ways humans learn. A number of approach to perform machine learning is addressed in this chapter, including neural networks, decision trees and Bayesian learning. The chapter concludes by arguing that the brain is, in reality, a very sophisticated statistical machine aimed at improving the chances of survival of its owner.

Keywords:   Turing test, Artificial intelligence, Machine learning, Neural networks, Decision trees, Bayesian learning

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