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Investors and Exploiters in Ecology and EconomicsPrinciples and Applications$
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Luc-Alain Giraldeau, Philipp Heeb, and Michael Kosfeld

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780262036122

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262036122.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021

Exploitative Strategies

Exploitative Strategies

Consequences for Individual Behavior, Social Structure, and Design of Institutions

(p.205) 12 Exploitative Strategies
Investors and Exploiters in Ecology and Economics

Andrew J. King

Michael Kosfeld

Sasha R. X. Dall

Ben Greiner

Tatsuya Kameda

Kiryl Khalmetski

Wolfgang Leininger

Claus Wedekind

Bruce Winterhalder

The MIT Press

This chapter reviews the consequences of exploitative strategies for individual behavior, social structure, and design of institutions. It outlines how natural selection should act to construct behavioral connections that maximize benefits and minimize costs of sociality for individuals. Individuals are predicted to show specific leaving or joining decision rules that will construct groups composed of complementary strategies; alternatively, they should be plastic in response to their social environment, which can lead to conditional strategies and social niche construction. What happens on an individual level impacts, in turn, social structures: individual interactions with specific (known) individuals may result in “groupiness” and reduce uncertainty in interactions. Economic conflict theory provides a framework to predict exploitative behavior between groups. Better understanding of exploitation at these different levels may permit the payoffs of specific interactions to be adjusted, thus reducing the negative impacts on a system.

Keywords:   Strüngmann Forum Reports, behavioral strategies, cheating, cooperation, group-living, social behavior, social structure, exploitation, free riding, economic conflict theory

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