Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Five Constraints on Predicting Behavior$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Jerome Kagan

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780262036528

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262036528.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 27 June 2022

Expectedness

Expectedness

Chapter:
(p.45) 3 Expectedness
Source:
Five Constraints on Predicting Behavior
Author(s):

Jerome Kagan

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262036528.003.0003

This chapter analyzes how subject expectations affect all brain measures. An expectation of pain, a difficult task, an unpleasant picture, an air puff to the face, the sound of hands clapping, a metaphorical sentence, a caress, cocaine, an exemplar of a semantic category, or the benefit of a medicine each affects brain profiles as well as the speed and accuracy of perceptions. Meanwhile, unexpected events activate many brain sites, but especially the amygdala, hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, ventral tegmental area, and locus ceruleus. The difference in the oscillation frequencies evoked by the event anticipated and the one that occurs may be a critical cause of these activations. The brain and psychological states generated by an unexpected event depend on its desirability and familiarity.

Keywords:   subject expectations, brain profiles, perception, unexpected events, anticipation

MIT Press Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.