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Demographic Change and Long-Run Development$
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Matteo Cervellati and Uwe Sunde

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780262036627

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262036627.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 24 October 2019

Adult Mortality and Modern Growth

Adult Mortality and Modern Growth

Chapter:
(p.91) 5 Adult Mortality and Modern Growth
Source:
Demographic Change and Long-Run Development
Author(s):

Davide Fiaschi

Tamara Fioroni

, Matteo Cervellati, Uwe Sunde
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262036627.003.0005

This chapter explores the role of increased adult longevity and technological progress in the transition from Malthusian equilibrium to modern growth. Empirical evidence suggests a general upward trend in life expectancy at birth and in adult survival rate of countries and a positive correlation between these two variables and income. A first strand of literature investigates the causes of mortality decline in western countries. Scholars can be divided into two main groups: the first attributes the observed mortality decline mainly to income growth via better nutrition, and the second emphasizes the role of public health and sanitary intervention. Meanwhile, a second strand of literature explores various channels through which mortality decline affects income.

Keywords:   adult longevity, technological progress, Malthusian equilibrium, modern growth, life expectancy, adult survival rate, nutrition, sanitary intervention, income

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