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The Targeting System of Language$
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Leonard Talmy

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780262036979

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262036979.001.0001

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Gestural Cues to a Target

Gestural Cues to a Target

Chapter:
(p.207) 5 Gestural Cues to a Target
Source:
The Targeting System of Language
Author(s):

Leonard Talmy

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262036979.003.0005

Co-speech gestures can be divided into three classes — self-targeting, outward-targeting, and nontargeting gestures — that, in the order just given, decrease in salience, obligatoriness, and metacognitive accessibility. Gestural cues to a target are provided by outward-targeting gestures which, as this chapter’s focus, are simply referred to as “targeting gestures”. The central theoretical proposal here is that, on viewing a targeting gesture, a hearer conceptually generates an imaginal chain of fictive constructs — a “fictive chain” — that proceeds causally, without gaps, from the gesture to its target. This proposed process of “fictive chaining” is part of a more general cognitive system of spatial fictivity, realized across vision, language, and culture, and in part supported by corresponding instances from those other domains.

Keywords:   targeting gestures, gestural cues, fictive chain, fictive construct, projection, enclosure, target mapping

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