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The Targeting System of Language$
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Leonard Talmy

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780262036979

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262036979.001.0001

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Corporal Cues to a Target

Corporal Cues to a Target

(p.301) 6 Corporal Cues to a Target
The Targeting System of Language

Leonard Talmy

The MIT Press

In the speech-external domain, a corporal cue is the location in space occupied by the speaker’s or hearer’s body. The space immediately around that location is the vicinal region, and the space surrounding that in turn is the extravicinal region — the two main corporally based regions. The discourse generally also indicates the spatial relation of a Figure to one of these regions. A trigger that requires a corporal cue for the determination of its target is a corporal trigger. Corporal triggers can have speech-internal targets of two types. The target can be an element of the narrative world that the discourse leads the hearer to construct, or of the discourse itself when metaphorized as following a path through space. In the first case, the corporal cue is the location not of the speaker but of the base — an entity in the narrative world that a nontrigger constituent refers to. In the second case, the corporal cue is the discourse location — the point in the discourse at which the trigger appears.

Keywords:   corporal cue, speaker-centered, hearer-centered, vicinal region, extravicinal region, displacement, ventive, scalarity, spatial augments

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