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The Targeting System of Language$
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Leonard Talmy

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780262036979

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262036979.001.0001

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Chronal Cues to a Target

Chronal Cues to a Target

(p.451) 11 Chronal Cues to a Target
The Targeting System of Language

Leonard Talmy

The MIT Press

A chronal cue informs a hearer about the temporal location of the target as an aid in determining that target. The trigger is lexicalized to require this cue. The chronal cue consists of the trigger moment — the moment of the trigger’s own occurrence — in the speech-external domain, and of the base moment — the moment at which an event in reference occurs — in the speech-internal domain. The target is an interval — the chronal interval - that contains the trigger or base moment or, in the limiting case, coincides with it. A range hearer set the boundaries of this chronal interval. When speech-external, the chronal interval targeted by the trigger can be of three types. It is supersentential if it is longer than and inclusive of the sentence that the trigger appears in; subsentential if shorter than and included within that sentence; and cosentential if coextensive with that sentence.

Keywords:   chronal cue, chronal trigger, chronal interval, trigger moment, base moment

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