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The Targeting System of Language$
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Leonard Talmy

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780262036979

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262036979.001.0001

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Perichronal Cues to a Target

Perichronal Cues to a Target

(p.487) 12 Perichronal Cues to a Target
The Targeting System of Language

Leonard Talmy

The MIT Press

A perichronal cue is any temporal property of an element other than the trigger that helps the hearer determine the target. Such perichronal cues are of either the majority indirect type or the minority direct type. Perichronal cues of the majority type are the temporal properties of the elements near a trigger that indicate which of those elements can serve as cues to its target. They are indirect because they help determine the cues, not the target itself. They variously require that certain conditions be met. Perichronal cues of the minority type are the temporal properties of the elements near a trigger that indicate certain temporal properties of its target. They are direct because they help determine the target itself, not just cues to it. They pertain only to the target of a subsentential prosodic trigger — specifically, only to the precise time and duration of its occurrence. The elements providing such cues are basically either co-forms or gestures. The temporal properties of these elements that can serve as perichronal cues are their temporal relation to each other and to the trigger, and the speed of their production.

Keywords:   perichronal cue, proximity condition, activation condition, concurrence condition, closest-trigger condition, plural-trigger condition, co-sequencing condition, no-crossing condition

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