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Experienced WholenessIntegrating Insights from Gestalt Theory, Cognitive Neuroscience, and Predictive Processing$
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Wanja Wiese

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780262036993

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262036993.001.0001

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Think Globally, Experience Locally?

Think Globally, Experience Locally?

(p.95) 5 Think Globally, Experience Locally?
Experienced Wholeness

Wanja Wiese

The MIT Press

This chapter explores how accounts of phenomenal unity can not only satisfy the phenomenality constraint, but also a version of globality. Global phenomenal unity could then be called phenomenal holism. First, different relevant versions of globality are discussed, as well as notions of holism that can be applied to consciousness. According to accounts of strong phenomenal holism, every phenomenal part of a phenomenal field depends for its existence on all other phenomenal parts of the same phenomenal field. It is argued that accounts which defend such a strong phenomenal holism are ultimately not tenable. Hence, the globality constraint can only be used in its weaker, relaxed versions. It is suggested that a substantial version of phenomenal holism should combine relaxed versions of globality with the assumption that experienced wholes are hierarchically ordered. Furthermore, three features that make this idea more specific are identified: Multiplicity, Graduality, and Invariance. Finally, the ideas presented in this chapter are wrapped up by presenting the regularity account of phenomenal unity (RPU).

Keywords:   Globality, Phenomenal holism, Graduality, Multiplicity, Invariance, Holism, Regularity, Regularity account, Experienced wholes

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