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Experienced WholenessIntegrating Insights from Gestalt Theory, Cognitive Neuroscience, and Predictive Processing$
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Wanja Wiese

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780262036993

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262036993.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 30 June 2022

Predictive Processing

Predictive Processing

(p.191) 7 Predictive Processing
Experienced Wholeness

Wanja Wiese

The MIT Press

This chapter provides an introduction to predictive processing (PP), with a focus on its relation to Bayesian inference and the more general framework provided by Karl Friston’s free-energy principle (FEP). Philosophical implications of PP and FEP are discussed. In particular, it is argued that PP posits genuine representations, and that FEP questions whether the conceptual distinction between action and perception is useful when it comes to understanding their neuro-computational underpinnings. Finally, it is argued that PP supports the view that the mind is to some extent secluded from the external world and that perception is indirect because it is based on genuinely inferential processes.

Keywords:   Predictive processing, Free-energy principle, Bayesian inference, Karl Friston

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