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PseudoscienceThe Conspiracy Against Science$
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Allison B. Kaufman and James C. Kaufman

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780262037426

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262037426.001.0001

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Abuses and Misuses of Intelligence Tests: Facts and Misconceptions

Abuses and Misuses of Intelligence Tests: Facts and Misconceptions

(p.351) 16 Abuses and Misuses of Intelligence Tests: Facts and Misconceptions

Mark Benisz

John O. Willis

Ron Dumont

The MIT Press

Although the term IQ is widely used in popular culture, the true definition of intelligence and how it is measured is misunderstood. We provide an overview of how the construct of intelligence and its measurement have evolved over the past century. Several of the most popular theories of intelligence as well as the controversy over the genetic basis of intelligence are reviewed. We also discuss some of the historical and contemporary misuses of intelligence test scores including some pseudoscientific applications of those scores. Some of the claims of brain training companies are debunked as are the validity of online IQ tests.

Keywords:   IQ, intelligence testing, pseudoscience, multiple intelligences, Flynn effect, capital punishment, learning disabilities, brain training, intelligence quotient, CHC theory

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