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PseudoscienceThe Conspiracy Against Science$
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Allison B. Kaufman and James C. Kaufman

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780262037426

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262037426.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 16 June 2021

Abuses and Misuses of Intelligence Tests: Facts and Misconceptions

Abuses and Misuses of Intelligence Tests: Facts and Misconceptions

Chapter:
(p.351) 16 Abuses and Misuses of Intelligence Tests: Facts and Misconceptions
Source:
Pseudoscience
Author(s):

Mark Benisz

John O. Willis

Ron Dumont

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262037426.003.0016

Although the term IQ is widely used in popular culture, the true definition of intelligence and how it is measured is misunderstood. We provide an overview of how the construct of intelligence and its measurement have evolved over the past century. Several of the most popular theories of intelligence as well as the controversy over the genetic basis of intelligence are reviewed. We also discuss some of the historical and contemporary misuses of intelligence test scores including some pseudoscientific applications of those scores. Some of the claims of brain training companies are debunked as are the validity of online IQ tests.

Keywords:   IQ, intelligence testing, pseudoscience, multiple intelligences, Flynn effect, capital punishment, learning disabilities, brain training, intelligence quotient, CHC theory

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