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Changing Minds Changing ToolsFrom Learning Theory to Language Acquisition to Language Change$
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Vsevolod Kapatsinski

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780262037860

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262037860.001.0001

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Learning Paradigmatic Structure

Learning Paradigmatic Structure

Chapter:
(p.179) 7 Learning Paradigmatic Structure
Source:
Changing Minds Changing Tools
Author(s):

Vsevolod Kapatsinski

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262037860.003.0008

This chapter reviews research on the acquisition of paradigmatic structure (including research on canonical antonyms, morphological paradigms, associative inference, grammatical gender and noun classes). It discusses the second-order schema hypothesis, which views paradigmatic structure as mappings between constructions. New evidence from miniature artificial language learning of morphology is reported, which suggests that paradigmatic mappings involve paradigmatic associations between corresponding structures as well as an operation, copying an activated representation into the production plan. Producing a novel form of a known word is argued to involve selecting a prosodic template and filling it out with segmental material using form-meaning connections, syntagmatic and paradigmatic form-form connections and copying, which is itself an outcome cued by both semantics and phonology.

Keywords:   morphological paradigms, second-order schema, grammatical gender, noun classes, canonical antonyms, associative inference, morphology, prosodic template, miniature artificial language learning

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