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Changing Minds Changing ToolsFrom Learning Theory to Language Acquisition to Language Change$
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Vsevolod Kapatsinski

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780262037860

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262037860.001.0001

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The Interplay of Syntagmatic, Schematic, and Paradigmatic Structure

The Interplay of Syntagmatic, Schematic, and Paradigmatic Structure

(p.201) 8 The Interplay of Syntagmatic, Schematic, and Paradigmatic Structure
Changing Minds Changing Tools

Vsevolod Kapatsinski

The MIT Press

This chapter is a step towards developing an associationist framework for an account of productive morphology. Specifically, the aim is to address the paradigm cell filling problem, how speakers produce novel forms of words they know, often studied using elicited production. Learning is assumed to follow the Rescorla-Wagner rule. The model is applied to miniature artificial language learning data from several experiments by the author. Paradigmatic and syntagmatic associations and an operation, copying of an activated memory representation into the production plan, are argued to be necessary to account for the full pattern of results. Furthermore, learning rate must be low enough for the model not to fall prey to accidentally exceptionless generalizations. At these learning rates, an error-driven model closely resembles a Hebbian model. Limitations of the model are identified, including the use of the strict teacher signal in the Rescorla-Wagner learning rule.

Keywords:   Rescorla-Wagner, morphology, paradigm cell filling problem, morphological paradigms, miniature artificial language learning, error-driven, Hebbian, strict teacher, accidentally exceptionless generalizations

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