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Governing Global Electronic NetworksInternational Perspectives on Policy and Power$
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William J. Drake and Ernest J. Wilson III

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780262042512

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262042512.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 06 July 2022

Balancing Equity and Efficiency Issues in Global Spectrum Management

Balancing Equity and Efficiency Issues in Global Spectrum Management

(p.127) 3 Balancing Equity and Efficiency Issues in Global Spectrum Management
Governing Global Electronic Networks

Rob Frieden

The MIT Press

This chapter focuses on the International Telecommunication Union’s (ITU) complex governance of international radio frequency spectrum and orbital slots for geostationary satellites. It shows that the ITU’s global governance framework generally favors first movers over latecomers. It considers current pressures on the framework and offers suggestions for enhancing the interests of non-dominant players. The chapter first examines spectrum uses that cross borders and how they raise equity and national sovereignty concerns. It then discusses conflict avoidance and conflict resolution through multilateral coordination, pooling investment in international satellites to promote access, the push for market resource allocation alternatives, and the strengths and weaknesses in the ITU spectrum management process. It also looks at issues concerning the registration of unviable “paper satellites,” the use of a block allocation method for allocating spectrum, property ownership, and problems in competitive bidding and spectrum congestion remedies. Finally, the chapter analyzes empowerment opportunities for developing countries with respect to addressing spectrum congestion and interference.

Keywords:   global governance, International Telecommunication Union, radio frequency spectrum, geostationary satellites, orbital slots, equity, developing countries, property ownership, spectrum management, competitive bidding

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