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Protocol Politics – The Globalization of Internet Governance - MIT Press Scholarship Online
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Protocol Politics: The Globalization of Internet Governance

Laura DeNardis


The Internet has reached a critical point. The world is running out of Internet addresses. There is a finite supply of approximately 4.3 billion Internet Protocol (IP) addresses—the unique binary numbers required for every exchange of information over the Internet—within the Internet’s prevailing technical architecture (IPv4). In the 1990s, the Internet standards community identified the potential depletion of these addresses as a crucial design concern and selected a new protocol (IPv6) that would expand the number of Internet addresses exponentially—to 340 undecillion addresses. Despite a de ... More

Keywords: Internet addresses, IPv4, IPv6, socioeconomic order, political order, civil liberties, U.S. military, globalization, institutional power, global democracy

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2009 Print ISBN-13: 9780262042574
Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013 DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262042574.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Laura DeNardis, author