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Foundational Issues in Linguistic TheoryEssays in Honor of Jean-Roger Vergnaud$
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Robert Freidin, Carlos P. Otero, and Maria Luisa Zubizarreta

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780262062787

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262062787.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 26 June 2022

Tokenism and Identity in Anaphora

Tokenism and Identity in Anaphora

(p.274) (p.275) 11 Tokenism and Identity in Anaphora
Foundational Issues in Linguistic Theory

Edwin Williams

The MIT Press

This chapter focuses on tokenism and identity in anaphora and argues that the stronger identity constraint is the right formulation for the correspondence principle governing ellipsis phenomena. It discusses three empirical arguments for a weaker parallelism condition involving antecedent contained deletion (ACD), sloppily bound pronouns, and inverse scope constructions. It rejects a movement analysis because there are cases that do not clearly require overt extraposition and because a parallelism condition on which it is based cannot adequately explain the failure of ellipsis in certain constructions, for example, “I saw several pictures of a man who you did.” The chapter looks at cases which seem to support parallelism over identity, first by considering ACD cases that in most analyses involve a parallelism condition. It argues that the problem presented by ACD is unrelated to ellipsis, but instead affects all relative clauses. Finally, it examines wide scope quantifiers.

Keywords:   tokenism, identity, anaphora, ellipsis, parallelism, antecedent contained deletion, sloppily bound pronouns, inverse scope constructions, relative clauses, wide scope quantifiers

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