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H.G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German DarwinismA Study in Translation and Transformation$
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Sander Gliboff

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780262072939

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262072939.001.0001

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Ernst Haeckel as a Darwinian Reformer

Ernst Haeckel as a Darwinian Reformer

Chapter:
(p.155) 5 Ernst Haeckel as a Darwinian Reformer
Source:
H.G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German Darwinism
Author(s):

Sander Gliboff

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262072939.003.0061

Ernst Haeckel not only promoted, defended, and elaborated upon Charles Darwin’s theory, but also unified biology within a historical framework and developed a practical program of research into phylogeny. This chapter examines Haeckel’s indebtedness to both Darwin and Heinrich Georg Bronn, his responses to Bronn’s challenges, and his differences from the older morphological tradition. Haeckel read Bronn’s German translation of Darwin’s On the Origin of Species in 1861 and came up with a complete system of evolution, morphology, systematics, and monist philosophy, detailed in Generelle Morphologie der Organismen (General morphology of organisms), five years later. This chapter also looks at Haeckel’s collaboration with Carl Gegenbaur on a program of evolutionary morphology, his introduction to Darwinism in 1860, and his views on adaptation, heredity, creativity, and constraint. In addition, it considers his views on the Gastraea theory and his answers to the arguments of Karl Ernst von Baer regarding species transformation.

Keywords:   Ernst Haeckel, evolution, Charles Darwin, phylogeny, Heinrich Georg Bronn, On the Origin of Species, Generelle Morphologie der Organismen, Carl Gegenbaur, Gastraea theory, Karl Ernst von Baer

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