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Systems, Experts, and ComputersThe Systems Approach in Management and Engineering, World War II and After$
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Agatha C. Hughes and Thomas P. Hughes

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780262082853

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262082853.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 24 October 2019

From Operations Research to Futures Studies: The Establishment, Diffusion, and Transformation of the Systems Approach in Sweden, 1945–1980

From Operations Research to Futures Studies: The Establishment, Diffusion, and Transformation of the Systems Approach in Sweden, 1945–1980

Chapter:
(p.385) 12 From Operations Research to Futures Studies: The Establishment, Diffusion, and Transformation of the Systems Approach in Sweden, 1945–1980
Source:
Systems, Experts, and Computers
Author(s):

Arne Kaijser

Joar Tiberg

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262082853.003.0013

This chapter describes and examines the development of the systems approach in Sweden from 1945 to 1980. It uses the term “systems approach” to signify a specific intellectual tradition that started with operations research in the 1940s but later developed in a variety of ways into systems analysis, policy analysis, and futures studies. The chapter begins with operations research and the people and organizations in this particular field, moving on afterward to the activities that grew out of the field, which involved the same people and organizations. The boundaries of this tradition are somewhat arbitrary. First, there were activities similar to operations research long before World War II. Second, there were other activities in the postwar period that resembled the systems approach but did not involve operations researchers. A main focus in the chapter is the gradual transformation of the systems approach.

Keywords:   systems approach, Sweden, intellectual tradition, operations research, systems analysis, policy analysis, futures studies, World War II, postwar period

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