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Systems, Experts, and ComputersThe Systems Approach in Management and Engineering, World War II and After$
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Agatha C. Hughes and Thomas P. Hughes

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780262082853

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262082853.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 17 October 2019

From Concurrency to Phased Planning: An Episode in the History of Systems Management

From Concurrency to Phased Planning: An Episode in the History of Systems Management

Chapter:
(p.93) 3 From Concurrency to Phased Planning: An Episode in the History of Systems Management
Source:
Systems, Experts, and Computers
Author(s):

Stephen B. Johnson

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262082853.003.0004

This chapter discusses the shift from the philosophy of “concurrency” to that of “phased planning,” which is a significant change in the conceptions and processes of systems management. As can be seen here, this shift was a managerial and organizational response to a deeper restructuring of priorities within the United States government. Priorities shifted from a dominant concern with rapid development and deployment of large weapons systems to a concern with their cost, a good example of how an organization translates upper-level decisions and priorities into changes in processes and procedures that, consequently, modify the products they create. Phased planning represented a partial retreat from concurrent methods toward sequential techniques, such as what was done in the air force when it adopted a “sequential” method in the 1960s. The chapter will also discuss this shift in the standard procedure for Air Force Systems Command.

Keywords:   concurrency, phased planning, systems management, upper-level decisions, concurrent methods, sequential techniques, standard procedure, Air Force Systems

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