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The Mechanical Mind in History$
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Phil Husbands, Owen Holland, and Michael Wheeler

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780262083775

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262083775.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 27 February 2021

Steps Toward the Synthetic Method: Symbolic Information Processing and Self-Organizing Systems in Early Artificial Intelligence Modeling

Steps Toward the Synthetic Method: Symbolic Information Processing and Self-Organizing Systems in Early Artificial Intelligence Modeling

Chapter:
(p.218) (p.219) 10 Steps Toward the Synthetic Method: Symbolic Information Processing and Self-Organizing Systems in Early Artificial Intelligence Modeling
Source:
The Mechanical Mind in History
Author(s):

Roberto Cordeschi

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262083775.003.0010

This chapter focuses on two theories of human cognitive processes developed in the context of cybernetics and early artificial intelligence (AI). The first theory is that of the cyberneticist Donald MacKay, in the framework of an original version of self-organizing systems; the second is that of Allen Newell and Herbert Simon, and is known as information-processing psychology (IPP). The latter represents the human-oriented tendency of early AI, in which the three authors were pioneers.

Keywords:   human cognitive process, cybernetics, artificial intelligence, Donald MacKay, self-organizing systems, Allen Newell, Herbert Simon, information-processing psychology

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