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Weather by the NumbersThe Genesis of Modern Meteorology$
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Kristine C. Harper

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780262083782

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262083782.001.0001

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:: An International Atmosphere: Carl-Gustav Rossby and the Scandinavian Connection (1948–1950)

:: An International Atmosphere: Carl-Gustav Rossby and the Scandinavian Connection (1948–1950)

(p.121) 5 :: An International Atmosphere: Carl-Gustav Rossby and the Scandinavian Connection (1948–1950)
Weather by the Numbers

Kristine C. Harper

The MIT Press

This chapter discusses how Carl-Gustav Rossby’s research school not only influenced international meteorology generally, but also overcame the initial skepticism of both theoretical and applied meteorologists who doubted that numerical weather prediction was a valid and necessary technique for extending meteorological theory and improving weather forecasting. Founder of two meteorology programs in the United States (those at MIT and the University of Chicago), responsible for wartime training, and founder of the first peer-reviewed meteorological journal in the United States and of a Swedish journal aimed at the broader international geophysics community, Rossby was in the perfect position to convince the international meteorological community of the wisdom of numerical weather prediction. Providing a series of Scandinavian meteorologists who could bridge the gap between synoptic (current weather analysis) and dynamic (atmospheric motions) meteorology, he played a significant and largely unheralded role in the successful development of numerical weather-prediction techniques.

Keywords:   meteorology, meteorologists, numerical weather prediction, weather forecasting

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