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Weather by the NumbersThe Genesis of Modern Meteorology$
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Kristine C. Harper

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780262083782

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262083782.001.0001

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:: A New Atmosphere

:: A New Atmosphere

(p.225) 8 :: A New Atmosphere
Weather by the Numbers

Kristine C. Harper

The MIT Press

The opening of the new Joint Numerical Weather Prediction Unit marked the end of the preliminary research period, but it was just the beginning of the worldwide spread of numerical weather prediction. This chapter briefly extends the story to the current time. As their very different meteorological missions exacerbated cultural differences, the Navy and the Air Force removed their personnel and formed their own operational prediction units, leaving the Weather Bureau to fund and staff its own center. As computer availability, processing speed, and memory capacity increased, universities began their own modeling and research projects. The modeling and prediction efforts of individual European nations joined forces to create the European Center for Mid-Range Weather Forecasting (ECMWF), which would provide formidable competition to US-based efforts. In time, modelers would attempt to forecast for longer and longer periods, until long-range forecasts took the first steps to becoming climate models.

Keywords:   Weather Prediction Unit, numerical weather prediction, weather forecasting, US Navy, US Air Force, US Weather Bureau, ECMWF, climate models

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