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The Nature of the WordStudies in Honor of Paul Kiparsky$
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Kristin Hanson and Sharon Inkelas

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780262083799

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262083799.001.0001

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Vowel Length, Cyclicity, and Output-Output Correspondence

Vowel Length, Cyclicity, and Output-Output Correspondence

(p.215) 10 Vowel Length, Cyclicity, and Output-Output Correspondence
The Nature of the Word

Cemil Orhan Orgun

The MIT Press

In Generative Phonology, cyclicity and level ordering have long been used to account for synchronic alternations reflecting morphological relatedness between forms. Recently, however, alternatives to cyclicity have been proposed based on the notion of paradigm uniformity, including the Output–Output Correspondence approach within Optimality Theory. A number of researchers still favor traditional interleaving (cyclicity or level ordering), claiming that it is empirically or theoretically superior to paradigm uniformity in accounting for synchronic alternations. This chapter discusses vowel length, cyclicity, and Output–Output Correspondence, drawing on data from English and Turkish vowel length alternations. It considers how vowel length interacts with morphological structure, highlights relevant phenomena for vowels in open syllables, and also examines compounds with vowel-final first members.

Keywords:   cyclicity, level ordering, Output–Output Correspondence, interleaving, vowel length, Turkish, morphological structure, vowels, open syllables, compounds

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