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The Nature of the WordStudies in Honor of Paul Kiparsky$
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Kristin Hanson and Sharon Inkelas

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780262083799

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262083799.001.0001

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Derived Environment Effects in Colloquial Helsinki Finnish

Derived Environment Effects in Colloquial Helsinki Finnish

(p.433) 18 Derived Environment Effects in Colloquial Helsinki Finnish
The Nature of the Word

Arto Anttila

The MIT Press

One of the longstanding puzzles in generative phonology is the so-called Nonderived Environment Blocking (NDEB), proposed by Paul Kiparsky. Based on NDEB, some phonological rules apply only in derived environments—that is, across a morpheme boundary or if fed by an earlier phonological rule—but are blocked in other cases. According to Kiparsky, rules that are both cyclic and lexical apply in nonderived environments. This is supported by the optional rule of Vowel Coalescence in Colloquial Helsinki Finnish. This chapter examines the Finnish evidence based on a corpus of spoken Helsinki Finnish encompassing 126 speakers and approximately 500,000 word forms. It argues that there is no relation between derived environment behavior and any kind of phonological rules, analyzes the Finnish evidence in terms of Optimality Theory, and suggests that NDEB arises from root faithfulness relativized to markedness.

Keywords:   derived environments, Nonderived Environment Blocking, Paul Kiparsky, phonological rules, nonderived environments, Vowel Coalescence, Colloquial Helsinki Finnish, Optimality Theory, root faithfulness, markedness

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