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The Nature of the WordStudies in Honor of Paul Kiparsky$
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Kristin Hanson and Sharon Inkelas

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780262083799

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262083799.001.0001

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The Force of Lexical Case: German and Icelandic Compared

The Force of Lexical Case: German and Icelandic Compared

Chapter:
(p.587) 25 The Force of Lexical Case: German and Icelandic Compared
Source:
The Nature of the Word
Author(s):

Dieter Wunderlich

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262083799.003.0025

Modern German shares many similarities with Modern Icelandic in terms of Case marking. This chapter discusses some differences in the two languages with respect to control and raising-to-object constructions, using Dative-Nominative verbs as the test case. Whereas German favors the argument in the Nominative as the syntactic pivot, Icelandic favors the highest argument. The chapter shows how the classical notion of subject fails to deal with the data and proposes a lexical case in the framework of Optimality Theory.

Keywords:   control, Modern German, Modern Icelandic, Case marking, Dative-Nominative verbs, syntactic pivot, subject, Optimality Theory, lexical case

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