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The Nature of the WordStudies in Honor of Paul Kiparsky$
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Kristin Hanson and Sharon Inkelas

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780262083799

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262083799.001.0001

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Faithfulness and Componentiality in Metrics

Faithfulness and Componentiality in Metrics

Chapter:
(p.112) (p.113) 6 Faithfulness and Componentiality in Metrics
Source:
The Nature of the Word
Author(s):

Bruce Hayes

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262083799.003.0006

The principles of metrics are static constraints rather than derivational rules, an idea supported by Paul Kiparsky. Optimality Theory (OT), an important approach to constraint-based grammars, finds it difficult to accommodate metrics due to issues related to metricality and complexity, “marked winners” and Markedness constraints, and the problem of the “missing remedy.” In phonology, marked winners can occur because they obey Faithfulness constraints that are violated by all of their less-marked rivals. This chapter deals with Faithfulness and componentiality in metrics and explains how the problems outlined above can be solved by drawing from several sources, including the principle of the “Richness of the Base” and metrical “Faithfulness constraints.” To test these proposals, it considers two problems: Free variation in quatrains and the distribution of mismatched lexical stress in sung verse. The chapter also discusses inventories with OT grammars, metricality in a componential inventory grammar, unmetricality in 4343 quatrains, and lexical inversion.

Keywords:   metrics, Optimality Theory, metricality, complexity, marked winners, missing remedy, Faithfulness constraints, componentiality, free variation, quatrains

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