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The Allure of Machinic LifeCybernetics, Artificial Life, and the New AI$
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John Johnston

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780262101264

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262101264.001.0001

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Digital Evolution and the Emergence of Complexity

Digital Evolution and the Emergence of Complexity

Chapter:
(p.215) 5 Digital Evolution and the Emergence of Complexity
Source:
The Allure of Machinic Life
Author(s):

John Johnston

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262101264.003.0006

This chapter charts the history of artificial life (ALife) after Langton in relation to theories of evolution, emergence, and complex adaptive systems by examining a series of experiments carried out on various software platforms, including Thomas Ray’s Tierra, John Holland’s Echo, Christoph Adami’s Avida, Andrew Pargellis’ Amoeba, Tim Taylor’s Cosmos, and Larry Yaeger’s PolyWorld. It concludes by considering the limits of the first phase of ALife research and the new research initiatives represented by “living computation” and attempts to create an artificial protocell.

Keywords:   artificial life, evolution, adaptive systems, Tierra, Echo, Avida, Amoeba, Cosmos, PolyWorld, protocell

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