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The Allure of Machinic LifeCybernetics, Artificial Life, and the New AI$
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John Johnston

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780262101264

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262101264.001.0001

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The New AI: Behavior-Based Robotics, Autonomous Agents, and Artificial Evolution

The New AI: Behavior-Based Robotics, Autonomous Agents, and Artificial Evolution

(p.337) 7 The New AI: Behavior-Based Robotics, Autonomous Agents, and Artificial Evolution
The Allure of Machinic Life

John Johnston

The MIT Press

This chapter considers the new artificial intelligence (AI), the construction of autonomous agents, and artificial evolution. It argues that as robotics moves toward the realization of the cybernetic movement’s ambition to build machines of a complexity comparable to that of humans, it has increasingly come to rely on what we can now distinguish as a third method for producing complexity. The third method combines the top-down with the bottom-up approaches. Widely deployed in artificial life simulations, the third method has also become the primary means by which evolutionary robotics has developed out of behavior-based robotics, as top-down strategies like programming and design have been used to create systems that will organize and evolve on their own by taking advantage of the new combinations and creative mixings that emerge from the bottom up.

Keywords:   artificial intelligence, autonomous agents, artificial evolution, robotics

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