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Natural ExperimentsEcosystem-Based Management and the Environment$
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Judith A. Layzer

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780262122986

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262122986.001.0001

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Why Ecosystem-Based Management?

Why Ecosystem-Based Management?

(p.9) 2 Why Ecosystem-Based Management?
Natural Experiments

Judith A. Layzer

The MIT Press

This chapter sheds light on how the concept of ecosystem-based management (EBM) came into existence and why this shall be considered as a remedy to environmental problems. The concept of EBM is believed to have emerged due to deficient conventional policymaking systems. The conventional regulatory approach to environmental problems is considered to be a complex blend of local and national land-use and natural resource policies. On the other hand, the EBM approach is considered to be quite effective in curbing a wide range of environmental problems. Despite having various definitions, EBM is found to have three common elements: landscape-scale focus, collaborative planning that includes all stakeholders, and implementation that is flexible and adaptive.

Keywords:   ecosystem-based management, environmental problems, natural resources, landscape-scale focus, collaborative planning, conventional policymaking system

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