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The Anatomy of BiasHow Neural Circuits Weigh the Options$
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Jan Lauwereyns

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780262123105

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262123105.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 28 February 2021

Fear Materialized

Fear Materialized

(p.91) 3 Fear Materialized
The Anatomy of Bias

Jan Lauwereyns

The MIT Press

This chapter identifies negative motivation as a determining factor of the priority given to different sensory inputs. It examines the extent of overlap with reward-oriented mechanisms, the possibility of opponent dynamics, and the similarity of the underlying (anticipatory versus synergistic) algorithms. The chapter presents earlier reports of automatic attention generated by potent emotional stimuli and suggests a reinterpretation with the concept of bias. Various studies prove that the mechanisms of fear conditioning stimulate neural plasticity and generate structural forms of bias. The chapter also presents notions from neuroeconomics and evolutionary psychology, and more psychodynamic explorations of fear and aversion.

Keywords:   fear, algorithms, bias, neuroeconomics, psychodynamic explorations

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