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The Anatomy of BiasHow Neural Circuits Weigh the Options$
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Jan Lauwereyns

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780262123105

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262123105.001.0001

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The Familiarity Fallacy

The Familiarity Fallacy

Chapter:
(p.121) 4 The Familiarity Fallacy
Source:
The Anatomy of Bias
Author(s):

Jan Lauwereyns

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262123105.003.0005

This chapter presents the neural underpinnings of the most stereotypical forms of bias in society. These include racism and sexism .—prejudice in which familiarity goes along with priority and beneficial treatment. An analysis is presented to explain whether such effects emerge inevitably from the structure of neural circuits, or whether familiarity bias can be separated from prejudice and social inequality. The author tries to figure out the behavioral implications if information propagation depends on learning and preestablished neural connections. The chapter identifies the ability to learn as a requirement for flexible and well-adapted behavior.

Keywords:   bias, neural circuits, social inequality, neural connections, learning

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