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Toward Sustainable CommunitiesTransition and Transformations in Environmental Policy$
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Daniel A. Mazmanian and Michael E. Kraft

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780262134927

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262134927.001.0001

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Regulating for the Future: A New Approach for Environmental Governance

Regulating for the Future: A New Approach for Environmental Governance

(p.63) 3 Regulating for the Future: A New Approach for Environmental Governance
Toward Sustainable Communities

Daniel J. Fiorino

The MIT Press

This chapter argues that a regulatory system based solidly on the first era of environmental protection must be adapted to the demands of the second and third eras. The challenge thus becomes one of regulating for the future, not for the past. The response to this challenge is to create a new regulation. The ideal type of the old regulation, designed for a first era of environmental problem-solving, relies heavily on bureaucratic control, hierarchy, problem fragmentation, conformance with rules, and deterrence through negative sanctions. In contrast, the new regulation offers a more flexible, adaptable, collaborative strategy that is better suited to the challenges and demands of the second and third epochs of environmental protection.

Keywords:   environmental policy, third epoch, environmental regulation, environmental protection

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