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Toward Sustainable CommunitiesTransition and Transformations in Environmental Policy$
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Daniel A. Mazmanian and Michael E. Kraft

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780262134927

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262134927.001.0001

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Climate Change and Multilevel Governance: The Evolving State and Local Roles

Climate Change and Multilevel Governance: The Evolving State and Local Roles

(p.201) 8 Climate Change and Multilevel Governance: The Evolving State and Local Roles
Toward Sustainable Communities

Michele M. Betsill

Barry G. Rabe

The MIT Press

This chapter explores the odyssey of climate policy over the past decade, describing and analyzing the unexpectedly prominent roles for state and local governments. It offers an overview of various policy initiatives at both levels and considers factors underlying such a range of actions. States began enacting climate-related policies in the late 1980s with cities following in the early 1990s. To date, more than 700 American local governments and nearly all state governments have engaged in some form of climate change policymaking. The chapter summarizes recent trends in the development of state and local climate change policies from a multilevel governance perspective and considers longer-term ramifications that emerge from such a reframing.

Keywords:   environmental policy, environmental regulation, environmental protection, state government, local government, of climate change policymaking

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