This chapter, which is concerned with the historical trajectory of the wireless phone or shouji (“hand-phone”) from an elite device to a common component of everyday life, examines a few specific parts of the burgeoning wireless market: the Little Smart, short message service, prepaid mobile services, and pagers. It addresses the waxing and waning of pager service and its implications for working-class ICTs in general. The development of shouji triggers the market expansion and new network formation at the grassroots level. The chapter shows that the different businesses entail a unique mixture of technology, policy, and entrepreneurialism under a variety of institutional structures. There are also many cost-effective solutions to meet the needs of the information have-less.
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