This chapter presents a summary on the main lessons set out in this book. It specifically reflects on the complex role of working-class information and communication technologies (ICTs) and the resilience and vulnerability of translocal networks among the have-less in a larger historical and transnational context. Working-class connectivity helps have-less urbanites in seeking education and better job opportunities, leading to the enhancement of their overall life chances. The rise of network labor, and of working-class network society at large, offers rare openings for equality, justice, and democracy. It is noted that the complexity and volatility of the city underneath in China are reflected by and incorporated into the development of digital media.
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