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Better Than Conscious?Decision Making, the Human Mind, and Implications For Institutions$
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Christoph Engel and Wolf Singer

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780262195805

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262195805.001.0001

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Passive Parallel Automatic Minimalist Processing

Passive Parallel Automatic Minimalist Processing

(p.173) 8 Passive Parallel Automatic Minimalist Processing
Better Than Conscious?

Roger Ratcliff

Gail McKoon

The MIT Press

Research for which the idea that many basic cognitive processes can be described as fast, parallel, and automatic is reviewed. Memory retrieval/decision processes have often been ignored in the cognitive literature. However, in some cases, computationally complex processes can be replaced with simple passive processes. Cue-dependent retrieval from memory provides a straightforward example of how encoding, memory, and retrieval can interact. Three other examples are reviewed: inference in text processing, compound cue models for priming, and implicit memory. In each case, the research benefits from a focus on retrieval and decision processes. For implicit memory, consideration of these kinds of processes leads to a view of implicit memory different than hypothesizing new specialized memory systems. Finally, how behavioral data from simple decisions and the models that explain the behavior can be related to neuroscience research on neural firing rates are discussed.

Keywords:   Strüngmann Forum Reports, compound cue models for priming, cue-dependent retrieval, decision making, implicit memory, inference in text processing, memory retrieval, neural firing rates, parallel processing

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