This chapter describes the impact of technology on the field of sound and music. It discusses the change in music technology from the European and American composers. The advancement in technology down the ages has transformed concert-based music to live technologies that allow the listener to interact with the medium of music. This change was brought about by instruments such as the Tele-harmonium and Theremin in the 1920s. The author illustrates the development brought about by the effect of micro-computers on music improvisation to the influence of software environments in music technology in the 1980s. Finally, the influence of recent genres of music such as laptop-based or network-based music is discussed. At the end, the author examines gesture-based music techniques.
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