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What Is Addiction?$
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Don Ross, Harold Kincaid, David Spurrett, and Peter Collins

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780262513111

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262513111.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021

Medical Models of Addiction

Medical Models of Addiction

Chapter:
(p.352) (p.353) 13 Medical Models of Addiction
Source:
What Is Addiction?
Author(s):

Harold Kincaid

Jacqueline A. Sullivan

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262513111.003.0014

This chapter offers an explicit description of the assumptions of medical models, the different forms they may take, and the challenges they face in providing explanations with solid evidence of addiction. Medical models of addiction imply that there are in principle clear criteria for the differential diagnosis of addiction. The chapter shows that the predominant working medical model of addiction based on the mesolimbic dopamine system spans multiple levels from molecules to behavior, and highlights the role of social factors in onset, current addiction, remission, and relapse. In general, it illustrates that the medical models of addiction are bold, interesting, and parsimonious accounts, and have directed a research program which has produced many important results.

Keywords:   medical models, addiction, mesolimbic dopamine system, behavior, social factors

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