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What Is Addiction?$
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Don Ross, Harold Kincaid, David Spurrett, and Peter Collins

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780262513111

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262513111.001.0001

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Neuroeconomics of Addiction: The Contribution of Executive Dysfunction

Neuroeconomics of Addiction: The Contribution of Executive Dysfunction

(p.xii) (p.1) 1 Neuroeconomics of Addiction: The Contribution of Executive Dysfunction
What Is Addiction?

Warren K. Bickel

Richard Yi

The MIT Press

This chapter describes how the unhealthy choices of addicts result from hyperactivity and hypoactivity, and highlights the less-examined hypoactive executive function processes, or as expressed in addicts, executive dysfunction. Questions on mechanism, development, evolution, and adaptation are used as an organizing concept and structure for the chapter, which proposes that drug addiction is a result of the larger relative influence of the impulsive system. It also shows that drug dependence, obesity, and declining personal savings could be affected by the cultural trends, and suggests that executive dysfunction may be linked to challenges in the social sphere.

Keywords:   hyperactivity, hypoactivity, executive dysfunction, mechanism, development, evolution, adaptation, drug dependence, obesity, personal savings

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