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Entangled GeographiesEmpire and Technopolitics in the Global Cold War$
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Gabrielle Hecht

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780262515788

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262515788.001.0001

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Nuclear Colonization?: Soviet Technopolitics in the Second World

Nuclear Colonization?: Soviet Technopolitics in the Second World

(p.124) (p.125) 6 Nuclear Colonization?: Soviet Technopolitics in the Second World
Entangled Geographies

Sonja D. Schmid

The MIT Press

This chapter introduces the Soviet technopolitics of the transfer of nuclear technology and expertise to countries in Eastern Europe during the Cold War. Although the Soviet Union claimed that science and technology are politically neutral subjects, the transfer of nuclear expertise specifically to East European countries engendered a distinctive Soviet plan of colonialism and imperialism in these countries. After World War II, the Soviet Union not only took hold of the Russian Empire, but also of Eastern Europe. These Eastern Bloc countries bore the brunt of colonial rule of the Soviet Union, such as a lack of sovereign power, military occupation, an economy ruled by the dominant state, and forced education in the dominant country’s language. The chapter addresses the role of science and technology “in the communist context,” nuclear cooperation among the Soviet bloc countries, Soviet colonialism in the field of nuclear energy, and the homogeneity of Soviet imperialism in Eastern Europe.

Keywords:   Soviet technopolitics, nuclear technology, Eastern Europe, colonialism, imperialism, Russian Empire, military occupation, nuclear cooperation, Soviet bloc

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