Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Building Ontologies With Basic Formal Ontology$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Robert Arp, Barry Smith, and Andrew D. Spear

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780262527811

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262527811.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 26 February 2021

Principles of Best Practice II: Terms, Definitions, and Classification

Principles of Best Practice II: Terms, Definitions, and Classification

Chapter:
(p.59) 4 Principles of Best Practice II: Terms, Definitions, and Classification
Source:
Building Ontologies With Basic Formal Ontology
Author(s):

Robert Arp

Barry Smith

Andrew D. Spear

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262527811.003.0004

We present 25 principles of best practice in ontology design grouped into three major headings: term selection and formatting; definitions; and taxonomy organization. At the core of these principles is the Aristotelian idea that a definition of a term A should have the form: An A is a B which Cs, where A is a term in an ontology, B is the parent term of A in the is_a hierarchy of the ontology, and C is the differentia, which specifies what it is about the As which makes them different from all the other Bs. The definition of each term is determined both by its location in the relevant taxonomy and by the process of formulating definitions itself, which serves as a check on this taxonomy’s correctness. We cover principles of logic that apply to all definitions and taxonomies, with special attention to specific recommendations for the design of ontologies.

Keywords:   ontology design, term, definition, Aristotelian definition, taxonomy, is_a hierarchy

MIT Press Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.