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Building Ontologies With Basic Formal Ontology$
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Robert Arp, Barry Smith, and Andrew D. Spear

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780262527811

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262527811.001.0001

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Introduction to Basic Formal Ontology II: Occurrents

Introduction to Basic Formal Ontology II: Occurrents

Chapter:
(p.121) 6 Introduction to Basic Formal Ontology II: Occurrents
Source:
Building Ontologies With Basic Formal Ontology
Author(s):

Robert Arp

Barry Smith

Andrew D. Spear

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262527811.003.0006

We here describe the occurrent side of BFO, including the BFO categories of process, process boundary, spatiotemporal region, and temporal region. As objects are located in spatial regions, so processes are located in spatiotemporal regions. Processes are related to objects through the relation of participation, as when one object participates with another object in the process of colliding. BFO is an ontology which rests on the open world assumption. Thus it does not make any claim to completeness. This chapter concludes with some considerations on the implications of this assumption for BFO’s treatment of the continuant and occurrent categories and for BFO’s perspectivalism.

Keywords:   Basic Formal Ontology (BFO), continuant, occurrent, process, process boundary, spatiotemporal region, temporal region, exhaustiveness of BFO, perspectivalism, open world assumption

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