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The Trouble with PleasureDeleuze and Psychoanalysis$
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Aaron Schuster

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262528597

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262528597.001.0001

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The Philosophy of Schizophrenia

The Philosophy of Schizophrenia

Chapter:
(p.153) Chapter 5 The Philosophy of Schizophrenia
Source:
The Trouble with Pleasure
Author(s):

Aaron Schuster

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262528597.003.0007

Focusing on the clinical dimension of Anti-Oedipus (which I propose to read as a kind of “Psychopathia Metaphysica”), the chapter unfolds Deleuze and Guattari’s conception of schizophrenia, along with their positive notion of desire and its three aspects of desiring machines, the body without organs, and the organism. This conception is brought into connection with Lacan’s theory of the relationship between drive and desire. I defend Deleuze and Guattari against the claim that they romanticize mental illness, showing how Anti-Oedipus articulates a clinical anthropology in close dialogue with psychoanalysis. On the other hand, I also defend Lacan against the criticism that his theory of foreclosure implies a normative conception of psychic development (according to a certain understanding of the Oedipus complex). This leads to a further specification of the two conceptions of negativity at stake in Deleuze and Lacan, and what they entail for an understanding of subjectivity and psychic life. Different positions in contemporary philosophy (Lacan, Badiou, Deleuze) can be read in terms of the psychoanalytic ménage à trois of desire, love, and enjoyment—a “philosophical clinic.”

Keywords:   Schizophrenia, Sublimation, Drive, Desire, Repression, Negativity, Subject, Jacques Lacan, Gilles Deleuze, Félix Guattari

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