This chapter examines the mechanisms underlying sensorimotor integration by discussing three cases where anatomical and physiological studies of circuits are co-evolving with computer models of the circuit: the first focuses on the dorsal bending reflex in the leech, the second deals with the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) in mammals, and the third is concerned with rhythmic behaviors generated by the spinal cord. The chapter explains each case in detail, beginning with the computational model for the local bending reflex in the leech and proceeding with a discussion of a model network incorporating known pathways, connections, and physiology of the VOR. It also considers how time is represented in nervous systems and describes the segmental swimming oscillator before concluding with an overview of modeling of neurons.
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